What distinguishes classics from just old book? It is impossible to carry all literature of the 19th century the Czech to classics? Means, in the book there has to be something that is important for us here and now. All this I to what – Thomas Gardi certainly to be considered as the classic of the English literature, and “Tess of the d’Urbervilles” – classics among books by Gardi. Well… If to put on a regiment and not to blow off a mote – that can be also classics. If to read now, then it isn’t sure. The social problems lifted by Gardi in the book are infinitely far from us and are of interest to historians and those who are interested meanwhile. The conflict of the city and village, absorption and replacement by the city of villagers, decline of once noble families, impoverishment of the peasantry, a difficult life of time-workers – putting a hand on heart whether it is so interesting to read about it?
What remains – there are people and their relations, what comes to the forefront in any truly immortal work. And here the strange thing – the author’s attitude towards three main characters of the novel to oppositely reader’s relation which has arisen two hundred years later turns out. The mild martyr Tess, the victim of circumstances and customs of the time looks hysterical stupid the murderer, the restless and looking for himself Angel Claire (not just like that called the author “a clear angel”) to become the hypocrite, the Pharisee and the disgusting hypocrite, and only the profligate Alec D’Erbervill keeps some lumps of human feelings. Yes, Tess isn’t guilty of the violence made over the young girl the adult villain at all. Yes, she could stand, endure loss of the child. But she has survived. To fall into clutches to even more cruel bastard. Who the bigger villain – the one who has chopped off to a dog a tail or has the one who has warmed the doggie which somehow has licked wounds tamed, and then having found out that she has no tail any more, has exposed on a frost because he thought that he will have a good doggie, and tailless to him to anything? Though there is no sobachkiny fault in that as there is no Tess’s fault also.