‘Beyond Good and Evil’ Synopsis:
In our time, Nietzsche is considered a depressive nihilist and an apologist for the atrocities of fascism. I suspect that if he were alive today, he had to contend with scientific evidence that show that his broad opinion based not on facts but on socially constructed roles. So do not take the ideas of Nietzsche holistically.
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In this book “Beyond Good and Evil”, Nietzsche accuses past philosophers lack of critical sense and blind acceptance of dogmatic assumptions when considering morality. In particular, he accuses them of creating metaphysical systems based on the belief that a good man is the opposite of the evil man, and not just another expression of the same basic impulses that find more direct expression in human evil. The work moves into the realm “beyond good and evil” in the sense of a departure from the traditional morality which Nietzsche subjects to destructive criticism.
He questioned the concept of past philosophy by asking the question: Why is humanity so vehemently wants to know the truth? And not to recognize the misleading “as a condition of life”? He offers a curious explanation of every past philosophy: each has been an “involuntary and unconscious memoir” on the part of its author and was created to justify the moral prejudices, which he solemnly declared as “truth”.
This is followed by attacks and insults: Spinoza masks his “personal timidity and vulnerability” by hiding behind the geometric method is inconsistent and makes self-preservation a fundamental engine in rejecting teleology. Kant returns to the prejudice of an old moralist with his categorical imperative, the dialectical rationale of which is just a smoke screen of His “ability” to explain the possibility of synthetic a priori judgments is compared with the explanation of the narcotic quality of opium.
A. Schopenhauer was mistaken in thinking that nature will obvious, which actually is a very complex instrument of control over those who must obey. Nietzsche also criticizes physics. The laws of nature is just one interpretation of the phenomena observed by science. Hmm… This kind of scientific antirealism, he argues that we ourselves have fabricated causes, relativity, compulsion, number, law, freedom, motive, purpose, determinism, etc. as to morality and religion, Nietzsche praises the old Testament, neglecting the New Testament. He argues that Christianity, with its solitude, fasting and sexual abstinence, won everything joyful, assertive and autocratic. I think the main in this work, the message of freedom. Man, if he wants to be free, cannot allow anyone else to define their lives for themselves, cannot take power for granted. It needs to question the world, to discover what is important and what is true. The will to power is nothing but, a personal decision to establish control over their lives. To be free means to be a philosopher.