Emily was born on 30 July 1818, the year in Haworth, Yorkshire, the son of a priest. At that time it was a village with the 4th thousand inhabitants and textile production. Despite this, the sisters grew up rather isolated from society in a house on the outskirts of the village, with the Church and cemetery as the nearest amenities. In 3 years Emily, her mother died. In 1824, the year (in 6 years) Emily is sent to a school for the daughters of clergymen Cowan Bridge, Charlotte, Mary and Elizabeth (two older sisters).
The school girls were starving, sick from the constant cold, was abused by staff. Six months later, Maria is sent home to parents, where she soon dies of tuberculosis. Elizabeth will suffer the same fate. After that Charlotte and Emily are taken out of school to go home eventually. Perhaps then the health of the sisters was disrupted for the rest of my life.
Education children will have their father and aunt. Children try to find solace in the invented world of Gondal, about which they write stories, legends, write poems. In 18 years, Emily will write the first surviving poem, “Will the day be bright or cloudy?”. Wuthering heights published in 1847, the year in one volume with “Agnes grey” under a male pseudonym. In 1848 year, 30-a-half years, Emily, dies after a long illness. In 1849 Anne dies, in 1855 Charlotte.
Everything that happened in the life of Emily Bronte (the death of his mother, two older sisters, horror schools) have undoubtedly influenced her work. A tendency to mysticism and Gothic allowed Emily masterfully convey the dark atmosphere of the closed world of the estate Wuthering Heights.
All the action of the novel takes place either in it or in the estate of Thrushcross Grange. The form of the narrative Emily chose a curious story in the story. The story begins with Mr. Lockwood, a resident of London, who are looking for solitude and for this purpose rented the wilderness estate of the Grange Skvortsov. Deciding to occupy himself, he goes to visit the owner of the estate, to his landlord Heathcliff in his house Wuthering Heights. Being just the cultural capital, Lockwood is shocked by the behavior of Heathcliff, his servants and the inhabitants of Wuthering Heights. Obvious social failure and misunderstanding of what is happening in the estate are pushing Lockwood back to pay a visit to the owner, although it has again not invited.
The circumstances are such that the snow is covering the road to Thrushcross Grange, and the road home is simply lost in the darkness, and tempest. Lockwood is forced to stay the night, despite the obvious displeasure of Heathcliff and all the inhabitants of Wuthering Heights. At night he finds him in a dedicated room the diary of a certain Catherine Earnshaw, in which she shares experiences about her love for Heathcliff. Falling in the midnight nonsense, Lockwood sees the Ghost of Catherine, who invites you to his for Windows, which sweep the snow. He wakes up screaming in the morning returns home and falls ill. Caring for him, the housekeeper who came with the house, Ellen Dean. To pass the time, Lockwood asks her to tell him the story of Catherine and Heathcliff, which, as it turns out, she and Nellie raised.
Wuthering Heights Rewiew
In fact, only begins the story of the book “Wuthering Heights“, with the story of Nelly about Catherine’s parents about how they adopted a homeless kamyshanova the boy to his house and gave him the name Heathcliff, as his name had not been. As Catherine falls in love with him as brother of Catherine, Hindley — hates him, and the father receives almost absolute power in the manor that is used for any possibility of Heathcliff and humiliation of being relegated him to the status of the animal. Nellie plays a direct role in all the events, it is a kind of demiurge, his hand making a decisive touch. She is also the narrator, and of course this means a lack of objectivity in her sympathies and descriptions of the characters.
Hindley successfully he becomes a drunkard after his wife’s death, despite the presence of his son, which ought to be taken care of. Catherine meanwhile is moving closer to the Linton family from a neighboring estate, the Grange Skvortsov, and especially with their children Edgar and Isabella Linton. They are both extremely sensitive, extremely educated and refined in nature, which against the background of increasingly lowering due to the strenuous physical work of Heathcliff undoubtedly entails Catherine. Here begins the conflict of old friendship to Catherine Heathcliff, and a new friendship with the gentle Edgar, who nevertheless can hold a conversation on abstract themes. And given the isolation of Wuthering Heights and the absence of any travel, these conversations bring a semblance of diversity in everyday life Cathy.
Then the story becomes more tense and tragic, therefore, I will refrain from further description. Although there are many interesting things: the unearthing of a corpse, almost the murder of father and son, holding a minor hostage without any consequences for the criminal side. I want to note an important thing: “Wuthering heights” many of the annotations called the book of love. I would say that this book is primarily about passion, obsession, unwillingness to accept the fact that the object of passion is not available. The traditional perception of love is that two opposites attract, Yin and Yang, in “Wuthering Heights” is clearly not the case of Catherine and Heathcliff. Their passion is the passion of identical characters, and not the attraction of the cold-heat.
The decision Catherine, subsequently brought trouble to all the residents of both estates, was taken from her good purposes — to help Heathcliff to rise in society. In fact, she “sold” herself for him. The only way women in that time to climb the social ladder was to use their youth and beauty and good marriage of convenience. Heathcliff didn’t know, not appreciated, not understood, and as a result we have the tragedy of two families and their offspring.
The book “Wuthering Heights” by Emily Bronte revolutionised the novel in literature, formed the basis of our modern culture, though many did not read and has become a recognized classic.