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Dubliners by James Joyce

James-Joyce-Dubliners«Dubliners» – a collection of 15 stories of the young James Joyce, first published in 1914. In the stories in the impressionist style depicts the life of an average hand Dubliners. Some of the characters will be introduced later by the author in the novel «Ulysses».

The most famous of the storybook uses the final, «The Dead», which are the focus of the rest scattered around the works of themes and motifs.

In the «Dubliners» refracted passion budding writer works of Ibsen, Flaubert and Maupassant, mediated, according to D. Mirsky, the influence of the Irish naturalist John. A. Moore. «Joyce appears in his stories, as a follower of the French school, the writer of the school of Flaubert and Maupassant,» – stated the Soviet magazine «International Literature» in 1936. The collection appeared due to the request of the poet George Russell, in the summer of 1904 who asked Joyce to write for the magazine “Irish manor house” work, which could be published “not perturbing the readers.” Three stories ( “Sisters” (first version), “Evelyn,” “After the races”) appeared in the magazine under the pseudonym Stephen Dedalus and produced for readers so unfavorable impression that the editor asked Joyce’s nothing more to send.

Even then, Joyce thought that stories are individual works, and will be included in the collection, united by a common theme. Initially it was assumed that the collection will be made up of ten stories, but since the publication of the book for a long time nothing happened, the final version of its included fifteen stories. The sequence of them is not accidental: the author has given them the divisions with the provisional name “Childhood”, “Youth”, “Maturity”, “Social Life,” but no partitions are listed in the latest version of the book.

In literary criticism, it confirmed the view that the collection of short stories writer who left Ireland sought to discover not only the reasons that prompted him to leave, but also to predict their fate, if he stayed at home. Dublin appears in the book as the “graveyard of souls” who seek to escape from the stuffy little world of everyday life, but are constrained by social and psychological fetters. Author eliminated from the text, allowing you to draw conclusions about what they saw to the reader. Select individual vignettes of everyday life in the stories and they allow a comparison to judge the psychological or moral underlying reason of this or that episode.

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